Social sector reform in Latin America and the role of unions

by Daniel Maceira

Publisher: Inter-American Development Bank in Washington, DC

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 936
Share This

Places:

  • Latin America.

Subjects:

  • Social problems -- Latin America.,
  • Labor unions and education -- Latin America.,
  • Labor unions and public health -- Latin America.

Edition Notes

Statementby Daniel Maceira, M. Victoria Murillo.
SeriesWorking paper ;, 456, Working paper series (Inter-American Development Bank. Office of the Chief Economist) ;, 456.
ContributionsMurillo, Maria Victoria, 1967-, Inter-American Development Bank. Research Dept.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHC121
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3669428M
LC Control Number2002616271

History of Latin America - History of Latin America - New order emerging, – The advances in economic growth and political stabilization that were evident in most of Latin America by the early 20th century came up against an array of challenges as the century wore on. The forward momentum was not necessarily lost—although Mexico experienced negative economic growth along with great. Militaristic, exploitative, mercantilist, semi-feudal estates, there are foundations for underdevelopment and persistent inequality; When North America was first colonized, it was resource poor, there were labor shortages, and small farms with family labor; led to a social structure focused on the two-class society, with race as a fluid category due to large numbers of mestizo populations. 'The State of State Reform in Latin America' reviews and assesses the outcomes of these less studied institutional reforms. This book examines four major areas of institutional reform: a. political institutions and the state organization; b. fiscal institutions, such as budget, tax and decentralization institutions;Format: Paperback. Latin America and the Caribbean. Supporting health research systems development in Latin America Jorge Arriagada, Francisco Becerra, Martine Berger, Josefina Bonilla, Luis Gabriel Cuervo, Eduardo Espinoza, Moisés Goldbaum, Xinia Gomez, Sylvia de Haan, Carel IJsselmuiden, Wendy McFarren, Ernesto Medina, Suzanne Jacob Serruya and Zaida Yadon.

A historic shift has occurred in the organizational structures through which the lower classes in Latin America express voice and find political representation. With the political and economic reforms of the s and s, networks of community-based associations and nongovernmental organizations replaced party-affiliated labor unions as the predominant organizations to which the lower. The Social Life of Politics examines the intimate, personal, and family dimensions of two political activist groups: the Union of National Civil Servants (UPCN) and the Association of State Workers (ATE). These two unions represent distinct political orientations within Argentina's broad, vibrant labor movement: the UPCN identifies as. What idea formed the core of reform Darwinist theory in progressive-era America? The state should play a more active role in solving social problems Elevating productivity and efficiency but alienating the working class, Frederick Winslow Taylor pioneered the practice of. Latin America: Social Movements in Times of Economic Crises The most striking aspect of the prolonged and deepening world recession/depression is the relative and absolute passivity of the working and middle class in the face of massive job losses, big cuts in wages, health care and pension payments and mounting housing foreclosures.

  His latest book, Social Democratic Capitalism, thriving public sector with a large welfare state — larger than the United States — is the model. American Enterprise Institute   Inequality continues to be the topic of discussion around the world and especially in Latin America. It is not surprising that Latin American educational results are also some of the worst around. Reflecting the trend of the state's diminishing role in Latin America, collaborative projects between nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and governments have emerged as important strategies for health reforms that increase the role of the private sector. Health Care Reform in Central America explores how health policies in El Salvador and. In combining bottom-up and top-down influence, and in combining them as potently as they do, the teachers’ unions are unique among all actors in the educational arena. It’s difficult to overstate how extensive a role the unions play in making America’s schools what they are—and in preventing them from being something different.

Social sector reform in Latin America and the role of unions by Daniel Maceira Download PDF EPUB FB2

During the s, Latin America experienced a vast array of social sector reforms in an attempt to improve coverage and service quality.

Many analysts assumed the resistance of social service providers as part of the entrenched interests that would be affected by reforms (Inter-American Development Bank. Request PDF | Social Sector Reform in Latin America and the Role of Unions | This paper analyzes the reaction of teachers` and doctors` unions to a series of social sector reforms in the region.

This paper analyzes the reaction of teachers' and doctors' unions to a series of social sector reforms in the region, including administrative decentralization, provider payment mechanisms, and the introduction of performance evaluation and private by: Downloadable.

This paper analyzes the reaction of teachers` and doctors` unions to a series of social sector reforms in the region, including administrative decentralization, provider payment mechanisms, and the introduction of performance evaluation and private provision.

It combines the literature of economics and political science to understand the conditions that shape different patterns.

Recent policy debates on the reform of social service delivery systems focus on the decentralization of services and the introduction of competition in order to improve the quality of services. Despite the common assumption that public sector unions oppose these reforms, their responses were diverse.

The State of State Reform in Latin America reviews and assesses the outcomes of these less studied institutional reforms. This book examines four major areas of institutional reform: a) political institutions and the state organization; b) fiscal institutions, such as budget, tax and decentralization institutions; c) public institutions in charge of sectoral economic policies (financial, industrial, and.

The state of state reform in Latin America (English) Abstract This book examines four major areas of institutional reform: a) political institutions and the state organization; b) fiscal institutions, such as budget, tax and decentralization institutions; c) public institutions in charge of sectoral economic policies Cited by: Where are the Unions.

compares, for the first time, the challenges faced by movements in Latin America, the Arab world and Europe. Workers’ strikes and protests played a critical role in these mass movements, yet their role is significantly underestimated in many narratives of these events. Downloadable.

This paper considers the effects of trade unions on the education sector in Argentina. We have provided a substantial amount of new information and we have found useful preliminary results on some of the channels of union influence on the performance of this crucial sector.

We find that those provinces where teacher unionism is fragmented, where union density is higher and where. Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Social sector reform in Latin America and the role of unions book Reforms in Latin America This study contributes to understanding the impact of market reforms on partisan coalitions and partisan identities.

“This book is one of the few good, comparative studies of the politics of labor law reform. Besides providing a rich and historically informed description of how labor laws have evolved in six Latin American countries, it links this evolution to broader changes such as 5/5(1).

The benefits of economic reforms in Latin America started pouring in during the s. The Latin American countries grew by an average % in terms of per capita GDP between and Significant success was achieved from liberalization of international trade and also in terms of financial development.

Economic reforms enabled to bring. Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in Latin America The sudden conversion of the labor-based parties forced them to deal with business’s distrust of their former populist character and attempt to bring capital back into their economies.

Hence, their new policies were drastic to show their new commitment to the market. The book starts with a section tracking the expansion of social assistance and social insurance in Latin America through the state-led development era, the neoliberal era and the pink-tide. The second section explores the role played by local and external actors modelling social policy in the region.

The Cambridge History of Latin America is the first authoritative large-scale history of the whole of Latin America - Mexico and Central America, the Spanish-speaking Caribbean (and Haiti), Spanish South America and Brazil - from the first contacts between the native peoples of the Americas and Europeans in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries to the present day.

Wage Inequality in Latin America: Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future. Latin American Development economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

It is sponsored Exploring the Role of Minimum Wages and Unions in Recent Inequality Trends The seven million teachers of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are the critical actors in the region's efforts to improve education quality and raise student learning levels, which lag far behind those of OECD countries and East Asian countries such as China.

Peru, Ecuador and Mexico, chronicling the prominent role of teachers' unions. Economic reforms were undertaken by the Latin American countries since the s to bring about changes in tax systems, public enterprises, financial sector and foreign trade.

The major impact of the reforms can be observed in the areas of inflation, economic growth and income disparity and poverty. Historically there have been two chief types of unions: the horizontal, or craft, union, in which all the members are skilled in a certain craft (e.g., the International Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America); and the vertical, or industrial, union, composed of workers in the same industry or industries regardless of their particular skills (e.g., the United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural.

This book is about the role of Latin American labor organizations in shaping the design and implementation of labor law reforms at the end of the twentieth century. Despite similar initial prescriptions for change in the direction of greater flexibility, the outcomes of labor law reforms differed throughout Latin : Maria Lorena Cook.

The Struggle for Democracy and Socialism in Latin America There, as elsewhere, such reformist parties or coalitions see their main role as pushing for reforms within the existing system, rather than organizing and providing leadership to the masses in the streets, or advocating new modes of economic development that could reduce their.

This lends insight into the stickiness of many social and economic reforms, calling for more attention to which reforms are reversible and which, as a result, may ultimately be detrimental. Reviews ' the book makes an important contribution both to pension policy and to market-oriented reform studies and will be appreciated by a wide Cited by: 2.

Economic and Social Development in Latin America: The Role of Coffee 1. Introduction At the dawning of the twentieth century, the coffee sector played a seminal role for the economic and social modernization of Latin America.

It was the main dynamic factor for the economies of many countries and a pivotal element of social Size: KB. Latino Workers and Unions: A Strategic Partnership for America's Progress AUTHORS America’s increasing service sector and broken immigration system are forcing Latinos into underpaid, unsafe, construction- will play a pivotal role in bringing unions’ share of the workforce back up to healthier.

Latin America: politics, trade unions + solidarity 3 organisations such as the National Endowment for Democracy strengthened neoliberal parties and presidential candidates electorally.

This, combined with a strongly pro-US private sector media, led to the apparent hegemony of free-market and free-trade thinking on the continent. Asia and Africa and Latin America. There are amongst them religious Sri Lanka (Ceylon) Trade Unions & Economic Reforms The Sri Lankan Government was the first in the South Asian region, extended to the manufacturing sector.

In there were trade unions File Size: KB. Latin American teachers’ unions have stepped into the policymaking sphere and shaped education policies unrelated to regular workplace priorities like salaries and class sizes at notable moments.

The literature on teachers’ unions in Latin America has not addressed this, tending to focus instead on those unions’ history and role in social movements, or their struggles against Cited by: 1.

in Latin America, " Only sixty-two of the book's three hun-dred pages are dedicated to workers and unions. The rest deal with either ideological trends on the Marxist left in some Latin American countries or early efforts at incorporating Latin American unions into international labor organizations, especially the Red International of La.

Unions, Markets, and Democracy in Latin America. Abstract [Excerpt] In the s scholars of Latin America moved from a concern with democratization to a focus on the implementation of market economic reforms.

With this shift, the appreciation of labor unions' value to society was : Maria Lorena Cook. Bolivia: Bolivia has the highest density of militant social movements of any country in Latin America, including high levels of mine and factory worker participation, community and informal market vender organizations, Indian and peasant movements and public employee unions.

The long years of military repression from the early ’s to the. Page - Alain de Janvry, The Agrarian Question and Reformism in Latin America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, ); and Wallerstein, The Modern World System I.

Galtung, "Structural Theory of Imperialism.Reform in Latin America has reflected the ideologies and objectives of the regime in power. Brazil has had several attempts at reform. The measures have been indirect and relatively mild, the most important being taxation of idle land and large plantations and reclamation and settlement of the Amazon region, with provisions for credit and tenancy protection.ELArE StAtE in LAtin AmEricA 3 cad.

Saúde pública ; 33 Sup 2:e Transitions to democracy in Latin America after the s and liberal trends during the s have created pressures to reform the corporative social insurance model that is perceived to be inef-ficient and to reproduce social Author: Sonia Fleury.